ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) is a protocol that resolves a hardware address to a software name.
ARP is a connectionless protocol, which means that both sending and receiving computer are not required to be continuously connected.
ARP uses broadcasting techniques, when computer sends broadcast messages, and receives replies from all hosts that can hear.
ARP uses unicast when computer send unicast messages, and receives replies from a chosen host, but replies are broadcast to all hosts that can hear.
- The ARP PowerShell tool is used to troubleshoot ARP and IP issues.
- The tool has a simple interface and is very easy to use, so troubleshooting ARP issues couldn’t be easier.
- P issues are a common problem, so you should know how to troubleshoot them.
Run the troubleshooter
- Press Windows Key + X and select Troubleshoot from the menu.
- Select Network and Internet from the menu.
- Now, select Network Adapter.
- Select the Network Adapter from the list and click Run the troubleshooter.
Check the Ethernet cable
- The Ethernet cable might have a physical damage that caused a disruption.
- Try using a different Ethernet cable, and check if the error is still there.
Check the firewall or antivirus
- Some firewalls or antivirus can interfere with ARP traffic, which can prevent the Windows 10 from networking.
- Open your antivirus or firewall and disable it temporarily.
- After the Antivirus or firewall is disabled, try connecting your computer to another network device to see if that fixes the networking issue.
Perform a power reset
- Press and hold the Power button for 30 seconds or more.
- Release the Power button and keep pressing it until the computer starts.
- Remove any connected peripherals like mouse or keyboard.
- Wait for the computer to start normally.
Perform a full system shutdown
- You can do this by double-clicking on the Start menu and choosing Shut Down
- Turn off and unplug the modem
- Wait for about 10 minutes
- Turn on the modem
- Check the internet connection